Ralph D. Sawyer's new book, Lever of Power: Military cDeception in China and the West (ISBN 978-1548245009), was published in September 2017. The book comprehensively examines deception's historical evolution in China and the West, provides extensive translations of relevant military writings from three languages (Chinese, Greek, and Latin), and characterizes the chief measures in terms of method, dynamics, and objective. This book shows that both China and the West have virtually unbroken traditions of innovating deceit and employing deception.