Fu Yang 傅揚 (History, National Taiwan University) and Michael Hoeckelmann (Chinese Studies, FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg) will start a new collaborative project titled "Violence and Cultures of Learning in Mid- and Late Tang China (9th–10th Cent.),” funded over two years (2023–25) through the Project-Based Personnel Exchange Programme of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) Taiwan. The project examines reflections on the legitimate use of violence in historical and philosophical writings from Tang China (618–907). It takes texts such as Du You’s 杜佑 (735–812) monumental institutional history Tongdian 通典 as a point of departure and analyses them against the backdrop of the military upheavals (rebellions, civil and interstate wars) of the time. As part of the project, the team (consisting of the two PIs and several students) will conduct research visits and host workshops at NTU and FAU.